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How to pronounce the?

 

the

How to pronounce the?

Normally, we pronounce the with a short sound [ðə] But when the comes before a vowel sound, we pronounce it as [ði].

vowel sound write say
a the apple [ði] apple
e the egg [ði] egg
i the ice-cream [ði] ice-cream
o the orange [ði] orange
u the ugly fruit [ði] ugly fruit

It is the sound that matters, not the letter used in writing a word. So we use a long [ði] before a vowel sound, not necessarily before a vowel.

we write with we say because
the house consonant h [ðə] house consonant sound
 
the hour consonant h [ði] our vowel sound
the university vowel u [ðə] youniversity consonant sound
 
the umbrella vowel u [ði] umbrella vowel sound

Emphatic the [ði]
When we wish to place emphasis on a particular word, we can use “emphatic the” [ði], whether or not the word begins with a consonant or vowel sound. For example:

A: I saw the [ðə] President yesterday.
B: What! The [ði] President of the United States?
A: Yes, exactly!

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